PA-OAS 2: Activity Requirements
Activities are designed to meet individual needs, build on strengths, develop skills, and promote learning through experience.
The agency plans, adjusts, and graduates experiences to the level of difficulty appropriate for the skill levels and capacities of participants.
Techniques and skills needed for an activity are taught progressively, and less skilled participants are appropriately supported and supervised.
The pace of group activities is based on the capacities of the least able or fit member of the group to prevent accidents or illness.
The agency does not:
- coerce or otherwise force a participant to engage in a specific activity against his or her will; or
- deliberately remove reasonable options or alternatives to participation.
The standard is not to be construed as unreasonably requiring an agency to go through a pro forma verbal agreement for each sub-activity. However, when a participant raises a strong objection, the agency must take it seriously, examine all implications, such as illness or skill level, and offer encouragement to participate, when needed. Agencies will clearly specify in their informed consent procedures
whether (1) the program has a “challenge by choice” philosophy; (2) whether participants will be required to complete all or most elements of the experience; or (3) if alternative activities can be used to accomplish the same goals. The person granting informed consent will understand in advance this feature of the program.