PA-KC 9: Services for Children and Youth
Children receive services to support healthy development.
When the case
involves an Indian child
, services offered by the tribe or local organization should be considered when identifying services for the child.
Note: Responsibility for the provision of services for the child may differ depending on the type of kinship care service. Informal kinship care programs
may provide information and support to the caregivers
to help them access services for the child, while formal kinship care services are responsible for ensuring the receipt of services.
Kinship caregivers provide each child in care with:
- a pleasant and safe environment and nurturing family relationships;
- the physical environment and materials to support the child’s development;
- nutritious meals and snacks;
- age-appropriate boundaries, supervision, and discipline;
- an orderly, daily schedule that promotes positive participation in age-appropriate educational, social, recreational, and community activities; and
- the resources to meet basic personal needs including an allowance, as appropriate.
The child receives needed counseling or support services that are culturally relevant, including service to help understand and cope with the effects of family conflict and separation and loss.
The child receives support to help achieve his or her full educational potential, including:
- appropriate communication and collaboration between the kinship care worker, educators, caregivers, and parents;
- efforts to maintain enrollment in a familiar school or, if change is unavoidable, to enroll the child in the best educational setting available;
- educational assessments and an individual education plan, as appropriate;
- early childhood care and development and early intervention services;
- tutoring; and
Opportunities are provided for the child to:
- participate in ethnic, cultural, and religious activities and develop a sense of identity consistent with his or her cultural or native traditions;
- participate in age-appropriate group activities to meet, support, and share positive experiences with peers; and
- participate in an age-appropriate after-school program or independent living activities.
Workers have access to comprehensive, up-to-date information about culturally-relevant community services, and maintain regular contact with collateral providers to share information about service delivery.
Each child receives support from family members, community members, caregivers, and kinship care workers regarding identity development in the areas of culture, race, ethnicity
, language, religion, and sexual orientation.
Counseling or mentoring, information, and institutional and business resources in the community are identified that can promote self-sufficiency, informed decision making, and readiness to assume responsibility for:
- activities of daily living;
- obtaining housing and household management;
- obtaining and keeping employment;
- budgeting, saving, and investing;
- money management, including high costs associated with loans and buying on credit, and debt counseling;
- use of community resources;
- use of information about when and why public assistance is available;
- serving as a resource to the community; and
- effective interpersonal communication and conflict resolution.
Information provided is culturally relevant, based on the child’s stated goals, and appropriate to his or her age and developmental level.
Kinship Care Services
maintain the family
system as the primary source of care and preserve the continuity of care, culture
, relationships, and environment essential for child safety and well-being.