PA-JJD 9: Maintaining Safety and Security
The agency maintains a safe, secure environment where youth, personnel
, and community
members are protected from harm.
Note: PA-ASE and PA-BSM address additional practices
that contribute to safety and security.
The agency provides sufficient supervision
to ensure the safety of youth, personnel, and the community, and additional personnel are available in case
Personnel-to-youth ratios should be based on youths’ risks and needs. Higher ratios may be advisable during field trips away from the program
site, as referenced in PA-JJD 9.05.
To promote the safety and security of youth, the facility, and the community, the agency:
- regulates entry into and exit from the facility;
- monitors youths’ attendance; and
- follows up when youth are unexpectedly absent.
When it is necessary to search youth or their property, trained personnel do so according to procedures that:
- are consistent with applicable state and federal law;
- define when there is reasonable cause to conduct a search;
- minimize the invasiveness of the search;
- respect youths’ dignity; and
- establish a process and timetable for administrative review.
Agencies should conduct more invasive searches only when there is reason to do so, and demonstrate that these searches are: (1) conducted by qualified staff, and (2) accompanied by an increased level of administrative review.
Weapons are prohibited within the facility, and armed law enforcement officers are required to check weapons in a secure area.
Update: Added Interpretation, Added Related Standard - 06/01/09
If agency policy allows armed law enforcement officers to enter the agency's facilities, the agency should explain: (1) under what circumstances this practice is permitted (e.g., in emergency situations), and (2) how safety is ensured while the armed officers are on site.
When youth have opportunities to participate in activities away from the program site, the agency:
- defines when youth are eligible for the opportunity;
- evaluates youth for eligibility and appropriateness; and
- provides or arranges for sufficient support and supervision.
The agency appropriately and consistently documents, reviews, and reports incidents of youth noncompliance.
The agency should follow any applicable policies, procedures or other rules for reporting infractions such as unexcused absences to the court or other party with jurisdiction over youth.